Enter your keyword:            
  PPA Home
  Mission Statement
  Organisations Chart
  Ship Vetting
  Ports Regulations
  Ports Operations

  General Information

     1. General
     2. Ports Limits and Charts
     3. Ports Charges & Dues
     4. P. P. General Information
     5. Navigational Aids
  * 6. Onshore Terminal Information
     7. Offshore Terminal Information
     8. VTMIS
     9. Annexes
   10. Port Waste Management Plan
   11. PPA STS Operations Guidelines

  Notice to Mariners & Port users
  Safety Bulletins
  Contact Us
  Site Map
  Pre-arrival Questionnaire (PAQ)
  Sir Baniyas Passenger Vessel

PART 6:   Petroleum Ports Onshore Terminal Information

6. Petroleum Ports Onshore Terminal Information

  Back to top

6. Petroleum Ports Onshore Terminal Information

    6.1Jebel Dhanna/Ruwais Port Terminal Information

    Ruwais Petroleum Port is some 220 kilometres West of Abu Dhabi city, capital of the United Arab Emirates.

    The Port of Jebel Dhanna/Ruwais consists of six major terminals.

    The crude oil terminal at Jebel Dhanna is operated by Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations (ADCO),

    The other five terminals at Ruwais are a refined oil terminal is operated by Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Company (TAKREER), a gas terminal operated by Abu Dhabi Gas Industries Ltd. (GASCO), a bulk cargo Urea and Liquid Ammonia terminal operated by Ruwais Fertilizer Industries (FERTIL), a Sulphur Handling Terminal operated by GASCO, a Polyethylene terminal operated by the Abu Dhabi Polymers Company Ltd. (BOROUGE) and a service harbour (RIASH) (see Adm. Chart No. 3780).

        Back to top

      6.1.01 Jebel Dhanna Terminal - ADCO (Crude Oil)

      The crude oil terminals at Jebel Dhanna is operated by Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations (ADCO) and consists of 3 (three)  Single Point Moorings (SPMs). The SPM is of catenary leg mooring (calm) type buoy. The SPM system is designed assuming that the wind, waves and current are acting on it simultaneously.

      The SPM berth two is served by two 36’’ crude pipelines and berth 3 & 4 is served by 42’’ crude pipeline.

      The SPMs is fitted with two 16’’ floating hose strings with 16’’ ASA flange.

      All SPMs are capable of handling tankers of up to 450,000 SDWT, with maximum draft of 14.3 meters depending on tide.

      The loading rate at each of these SPMs is in the region of 5,500 TPH by gravity but this can be boosted by pumps up to 7,500 TPH.

      The flash point of Murban Crude Oil below 0º C   (32ºF).

      The Crude Oil Temperature is below 150° F.

        Back to top

      6.1.02 Mooring Arrangements

      Mooring arrangements are in accordance with OCIMF standards, using a single hawser only.  The mooring uses a 76 mm diameter chafe chain and all vessels must be fitted with bow stoppers and fairleads of 76 mm chain as recommended by OCIMF for mooring ships at single point moorings.

      Control of Loading and Safety at SPMs (Berth 2,3 & 4)

      Two Loading Masters will remain on board the vessel throughout its stay at the berth and will coordinate the loading operations with the shore control room.

      Loading operations must be carried out in accordance with a pre-declared plan which has been discussed with the Loading Master.

      The Loading Master will, in conjunction with ship’s staff, carry out inspections and complete the “ship / shore safety checklist”.  Failure to observe conditions of the checklist may result in the ship being removed from the berth.

      Changes in loading rates must be communicated to the Loading Master in sufficient time to allow him to contact the shore control room.

      In the event of an emergency, loading operations may be stopped by  contacting Jebel Dhanna control room on VHF private channel or Channel 09.

        Back to top

      6.1.03 Berths criteria

      Parameters SPM 2 SPM 3 SPM 4
         Max SDWT    450,000 M/T    450,000 M/T    450,000 M/T
         Min SDWT    35,000 M/T    35,000 M/T    100,000 M/T
         Max LOA    377M    377M    377M
         Min LOA    175M    175M    250M
         Max Displacement    280,000 M/T    280,000 M/T    280,000 M/T
         Max Draft    14.3 m    14.3 m    14.3 m
         Max wind speed    46 Knots    46 Knots    46 Knots
         Water depth    18 M    19.2 M    19.8 M

      SPM NO. 2 ( Commissioned July 1999)

         Lat 24° 12’ 50.4’’ N    Long 052° 40’ 21.7’ E     Lt   Fl Mo (U) 10 s 5 m
         Shallow water marker buoys
        Lat Long Lt
      1    24° 12’ 3 00’’  N    052° 39’ 30’’ E    QY
      2    24° 12’ 12.00‘’  N    052° 39’ 07’’ E    Fl.Y.5s
      3    24° 12’ 11.10’’  N    052° 39’ 56’’ E    Q.Y
      4    24° 11’ 55.00’’  N    052° 39’ 39’’ E    Fl. Y.5

      SPM NO. 3 ( Commissioned  Sept. 1990 )

         Lat 24° 12’ 01.4’’ N    Long 52° 41’ 20.1’’  E    Lt   Fl Mo (U) 15s 5m
         Shallow water marker buoys
        Lat Long Lt
      1    24° 11’ 45.6’’  N    052° 40’ 24’’  E    Q.Y
      2    24° 11’ 3 0’’     N    052° 39’ 50’’  E    Fl.Y.5 sec

      SPM NO. 4  (Commissioned Dec. 1995 )

         Lat 24° 13’ 39.4’’  N    Long 052° 39’ 25.4’’ E    Lt  Fl Mo (D) 15s 5 m
         Shallow water marker buoys
        Lat Long Lt
      1    24° 13’ 00’’  N    052° 39’ 03’’  E    Q.Y
      2    24° 12 28’’  N    052° 38' 44’’  E    Fl.Y.5s

      (To indicate the 15 m bank/pipeline)

        Back to top

      6.1.04 Survival Conditions

      Buoy survival Without Moored Tanker (100 years storm) With Moored Tanker (1 year storm)
         Maximum Wave Height    4.1 m    2.4 m
         Significant Wave Height    2.2 m    1.3 m
         Significant Period    5.6 sec    4.1 sec.
         Maximum wind 3 sec. gust    83 knots    56 knots
         1 Min. duration gust    73 knots    46 knots
         1 hr. duration gust    56 knots     

        Back to top

      6.1.05 Berthing Conditions and Requirements

      1. All tankers berthing at Jebel Dhanna (SPM) berth should be fitted with mooring equipment that conforms to the recommended by OCIMF latest edition.

      2. Berthing to SPMs is subject to Terminal requirements and procedures.

      3. Berthing priority at SPMs will depend on nomination, berth availability and for tankers over 250,000 tons.

      4. Ballast water on arrival to be roughly 30 % of the tankers SDWT and trimmed about 3 metres by the stern. Keeping in consideration the channel water depth restriction and under keel clearance.

      5. Tankers to have no list and the propeller are to be fully immersed whenever possible.

      6. Deck watchman to be stationed at the forecastle when the tanker is moored, to report vessel movement against the SPM buoy. Forecastle should not be left unattended for any reason.

      7. Deck watch is to be maintained at the ship’s manifold area during loading operation.

      8. Tankers with L.O.A. less than 250 metres will only be accepted at SPM berth subject to Terminal approval.

      9. On completion of mooring at the SPM, a tug boat will be made fast aft to maintain the distance between the SPM and the tanker’s bow.

      10. All Tankers should be equipped with bow chain stoppers designed to accept 76 mm chafing chain. The SWL for chain stopper to be 200 Tons.

      11. The minimum SWL for Crane/Derrick to be 15 Tons.

          Image 1

      Back to top

    6.2 Ruwais Refinery Terminal - TAKREER

    The Refinery Terminal at Ruwais is about 1.5 miles SE of the Jebel Dhanna terminal berths and is operated by Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Company (TAKREER). It consists of a trestle jetty 3 kilometre in length with three deep water berths (B, C & E) and four coastal tanker berths (1, 2, 3, & 4) for exportation of refined petroleum products. Vessels are berthed either side alongside depending on their manifold layout.

    Vessel arriving with part cargo should not exceed a draft of 11.5 m, otherwise shall have to wait for high water. A 3’’ hose for drinking water is provided at all TAKREER berths. Flow rate 100 m3 / hour.

    The refined products available at TAKREER berths for loading with flow rate are:

       Condensate    3000 m3 / hr
       Paraffinic Naphtha    4200 m3 / hr
       Naphtha    3000m3 / hr
       Reg. Gasoline    1400 m3 / hr
       Pre. Gasoline    1400 m3 / hr
       Kerosene / Jet Fuel    4000m3 / hr
       Gas Oil    4000m3 / hr
       S.R. Residue    3200m3 / hr
       Bunker Oil    1200m3 / hr

        Back to top

      6.2.01 Berth criteria

         Max Displacement 104,000 M/T   130,000 M/T   330,000 M/T  
         Min Displacement 9,100 M/T   26,000 M/T   20,000 M/T  
         Max partially loaded 132,000 M/T   166,000 M/T   255,000 M/T  
         Berth length 350.75 m   365 m   380 m  
         Max LOA 280 m   295 m   360 m  
         Min  LOA 118 m   180 m   180 m  
         Max. Draft 14.0 m   14.0 m   14.0 m  
         Max Wind Speed 25 kt   25 kt   25 kt  
         Water Depth 18.5 m   18.8 m   19.6 m  
         Max. freeboard up to Manifold height 15.5 m   1 5 m   24.1 m  
         Min parallel body manifold connection 65 m   70 m   345 m (max)  
         Berth heading 315° / 135°  
         Distance b/w Y/Fender 90 m   100 m   108 m  

        Back to top

      6.2.02 Position of berths - TAKREER

      Berth “B”

      Latitude     24°   10’   05’’ N             Longitude   052°   43’   00’’ E

      The berth consists of fixed loading platform, six mooring dolphins and six breasting dolphins connected by walkways. On the loading platform a bank of eight cargo chicksan arms serve to load or discharge ships, namely:

         2  x 12” Dia    Each arm is provided for S.R. Residue loading – Unloading
         2 x 12”  Dia    Each arm is provided for Kerosene / Fuel and Gas oil
         1 x  12” Dia    For P @ R Gasoline
         1 x  10” Dia    For bunker ‘ C ‘
         2 x  16” Dia    For Naphtha / Paraffinic Naphtha and Condensate
         The minimum distances between berthing dolphins as follows:
         BD2 to BD3 42 m MD2 to MD3 164.5 m
         BD1 to BD4 70 m MD1 to MD4 264.5 m
         BD1A to BD4A 90 m MD1A to MD4A 351.5 m

      Berth “C”

      Latitude    24° 10’ 14” N               Longitude    052° 42’ 45’’ E

      The berth consists of fixed loading Platform, six mooring dolphins and four breasting dolphins connected by walkways. On the loading platform a bank of eight cargo chicksan arms provided to load or discharge ships same as Berth “B” except for S.R.Residue 2 x 16” Dia.

      The minimum distances between berthing dolphins as follows:

         B/W two inner BD    48 m
         B/W Inner/Outer BD    26 m
         B/W Mooring Dolphins    50 m
         B/W two Inner BD/MD    31.5 m

      Berth “E”

      Latitude    24° 10’ 30’’ N             Longitude    052° 42’ 45’’ E

      The berth consists of fixed loading Platform, six mooring dolphins and four breasting dolphins connected by walkways.

      On the loading platform a bank of ten cargo chicksan arms provided to load or discharge ships same as Berth “B” except following upgraded.

         3 x 12” dia    For S.R.Residue
         2 x 16” dia.    For Kerosene / Jet A-1/ Gas oil
         1 x 12” dia    For Bunker ‘ C ‘ loading
         The minimum distances between berthing dolphins as follows
         B/W 2 Inner BD    48 m
         B/w Inner/Outer BD    30 m
         B/W Mooring dolphins    53 m
         B/W two inner BD/MD    30 m
         Distance between manifolds    3 m

        Back to top

      6.2.03 Coastal berth 1,2,3 & 4

      The coastal berths consist of fixed loading platform, four mooring dolphins at berth 1 & 2 and three mooring dolphins at berth 3 & 4 with a fourth common mooring dolphins with berth 1 & 2 and  four breast dolphins.

      The loading platform has a bank of five 8 inch diameter loading arms on each berth.

      Products available with flow rate are:

         S.R.Residue    800 m3 / hr
         Gas oil    900 m3 / hr
         Kerosene oil, Jet Fuel    900 m3 / hr
         Gasoline    1000 m3 / hr
         Bunker’s    900 m3 / hr


         Max Displacement    9100 M/T
         Min Displacement    2600 M/T
         Max Vessel Length    118m
         Min Vessel Length    70 m
         Berth Length For 1 N 2    158 m
         Berth Length 3 N 4    160 m
         Max Draft    7.59 m
         Max Depth    8.5 m
         Max Freeboard    9.0 m
         Distance B/W Fenders    36 m
         The typical Berth heading    315 / 135
         Typical minimum parallel body to allow for manifold connections is 50 m

        Back to top

      6.2.04 Position of berths - TAKREER New Terminal

      TAKREER three new berths namely "G", "H" and "J" are under construction. This new terminal is 500 metres west of the existing "E" berth. Expect to commissioned around 2nd Qrt. of 2014.

      Image 2

      Image 3

      Image 4

      Image 5

      Back to top

    6.3 GASCO - Ruwais (LPG & Paraffinic Naphtha - Berth 1 Commissioned June 1981, Berth 2 commissioned Dec 2009 & Berth 3 commissioned Jan 2010)

    The Abu Dhabi Gas Industries Ltd. (GASCO) terminal consists of a 2.6 kilometre trestle jetty comprising of a Three berths for exportation of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and Paraffinic Naphtha. It is located about half a mile east of the Refinery jetty. The line of the berths lies approximately along the axis of the prevailing current. The minimum depth alongside is 17.0 M (55.8 ft.) above chart datum (C.D.)

    Propane and butane can be loaded simultaneously. Loading rates can be adjusted either by stopping / starting one or more pumps or by opening closing of re-circulation valves on the loading platform. Paraffinic Naphtha also available.

    Vessels calling at Ruwais for the first time will inform GASCO, Ruwais, not less than 48 hours prior to arrival, of the disposition of manifold connections from bow to stern. The connections to be used for propane, butane, liquid or vapour should be indicated together with the centre to centre distances between them (e.g. P/V-1.1, P/L-1.7, B/L-1.1, B/V). An indication should also be given as to whether connections are dedicated or can be changed at short notice.

    The cargo tank pressures on arrival will not exceed 70 mbs

    Maximum allowable tank pressure throughout vessel’s stay alongside is 70% of pressure safety relief valve (PSRV).

    After berthing, the Terminal Representative and Master will discuss loading operations and emergency procedures. You are reminded that the responsibility as to the quantity of cargo to be loaded rests with the Maser of the vessel, and that no cargo may be sent back ashore.

    Vessels can berth either side alongside, depending on the ship’s manifold configuration and / or prevailing weather

        Back to top

      6.3.01 Berth criteria

        Gas Carriers Max. Capacity 125,000 m³ 125,000 m³ 125,000 m³
        Gas Carriers Min. Capacity 28,000 m³ 10,000 m³ 28,000 m³
        Tankers Max. SDWT 90,000 tones 90,000 tones 90,000 tones
        Min.  SDWT 15,000 tones 15,000 tones 15,000 tones
        Maximum Displacement on arrival does not exceed 95,000 tones 95,000 tones 95,000 tones
        Max. water depth alongside jetty 17 m 17 m 17 m
        Distance between fenders 97 m 79 m 97 m
        Max. freeboard 24 m 24 m 24 m
        Min. freeboard 7.70 m 7.70 m 7.70 m
        Max. berth length 340 m 284 m 348 m
        Max. vessel length accepted 320 m 260 m 320 m
        Distance from manifold to bow or astern does not exceed 160 m 130 m 160 m
        Distance b/w ship’s side & manifold  connection  b/w 1.5 m   -   6.1 m 1.5 m   -   6.1 m 1.5 m   -   6.1 m
        Minimum distance centre of manifold to end / start flat side is 28 m 25.5 m 28 m
        Maximum height of railings above chart datum in way of manifold is 21.8 m 21.8 m 21.8 m

        Back to top

      6.3.02 Max. Loading rate

      Product Tons / hr m3 / hr
         Propane 1,500 2,550
         Butane 1,800 3,000
         Paraffinic Naphtha 2,800 4,200

        Back to top

      6.3.03 Position of berths

      The centreline of the Gasco-LNG jetty loading platforms are situated in position

      Alpha Berth No. 1 -      Lat 24° 09’ 49” N,      Long 052° 43’ 16” E

      Alpha Berth No. 2 -      Lat 24° 09’ 47” N,      Long 052° 43’ 35” E

      Alpha Berth No. 3 -             24° 09’ 41” N,                052° 43’ 44” E

      The line of the berths being 305°/125°. Vessels are normally berthed into the prevailing wind on a heading of 305°.

      A dual piping and single access trestle of approximately 2,650 m leads to the shore where the processing plant and storage tanks are located.

      The jetty head comprises of a three loading platform (10 m above chart datum) 42 m, 51 m & 56 m in length respectively with utilities building, 4 breasting dolphins and 6 mooring dolphins at berths 1, at berth No. 2, 5 breast dolphins (for support of 10,000 m³ gas carrier) and 6 mooring dolphins and at berth 3 with 4 breast dolphin and 8 mooring dolphins.

      All the three berths dolphins are interconnected by walkways. The distance between 2 outermost dolphins at Berth No. 1 is 340 m, at berth No. 2 is 284 m and at Berth No. 3 is 348 m.

      The distance between the 2 innermost breasting dolphins at Berth No. 1 is 42 m, at Berth No. 2 is 52 m and at Berth No. 3 is 56 m.
      The distance between the 2 outermost breasting dolphins at Berth No. 1 is 97 m, at Berth No. 2 is 79 m and at Berth No. 3 is 97 m.
      Thus adequate moorings are provided across the range of vessels utilising the facilities.

      All dolphins are equipped with capstans, other auxiliary equipments and 2, 3 or 4 quick release hooks as per "OCIMF" recommendations.

      On the loading platform at the Berths 1, 2 & 3 there are 2 x 12” 150 ANSI loading arms for loading Paraffinic Naphtha, 4 X 12 loading arms for loading propane and butane liquid / vapour and 1X 8’’ for loading bunker at Berth No. 1 only.

        Back to top

      6.3.04 Caution

      Loading rates are controlled from the shore. Due to the long run of pipeline from the shore tanks to the jetty head, closing valves against the product flow could lead to pressure surges liable to cause the blowing out of pipeline gaskets and / or severe damage to the loading arms. Loading rates, loading rate reductions and stopping of cargo procedure will be discussed prior to commencement of loading.

      Four loading arms (2 liquid, 2 vapours) can be connected if centre to centre distance between 12” connections is between 1.6 m and 3.5 m. Two loading arms (vapour and liquid) can be connected if centre to centre distance is between 1.1m and 1.6 m. Vessel not to have carried ammonia on her last two previous voyages.

      Propane and Butane can be loaded simultaneously. Loading rates can be adjusted either by stopping/starting One or more pumps or by opening/closing of the spill-back valves.

      Cargo tanks will be cooled down on arrival as per following temperatures:


      Bottom - 40° C
      Middle - 30° C
      Bottom (excluding dome space) - 20° C
      Butane Bottom   - 2° C

      The following are the criteria for tankers programmed to load Paraffinic Naphtha at Gasco-Ruwais terminals.

      1. Maximum displacement on berthing 95,000 tones.
      2. After berthing and throughout the period when the loading arms are connected to the ship’s manifold, height of railing in the way of manifold shall not exceed 16.2 m above chart datum.
      3. On completion of loading, the minimum height of manifold above chart datum is 2.3 m.

      Vessels fitted with non-standard OCIMF will load one grade at a time; delays resulting from consecutive loading will be to the vessel’s account.

      Vessels to be able to load at a combined minimum rate of 1,800 tones per hour if loading propane / butane simultaneously, or 1,000 tones per hour when loading propane or butane only, with vapour return connected and operational.

      Although it is recommended to regulate vessel’s manifold valves, closure time is 30 seconds. The minimum allowed time to close the liquid manifold valves in case of ESD activation is 20 seconds. In case of non-compliance, manifold valve closure time may dictate the loading rate.

        Back to top

      6.3.05 Moorings

      The breasting dolphins are each equipped with 1,250 KN double quick-release hooks and a power operated capstan. The mooring dolphins are each equipped with 1,250 KN triple quick-release hooks and a power operated capstan.

      The minimum mooring requirement is

        3 headlines;
        3 forward and aft breast-lines;
        2 springs lines fore and aft and
        3 stern-lines.

      Vessels must at all times be prepared to put out extra moorings as required by the terminal personnel, or as dictated by prevailing weather conditions. It is the Master’s responsibility to ensure that the vessel’s mooring lines are checked frequently in order to prevent excessive movement of the vessel in the berth, as such movement could activate ESC/ERS system and/or cause severe damage to the loading arms and other terminal equipment.

      The breasting dolphins’ fender design criteria is based on providing for berthing energies acting in the horizontal plane for maximum displacement of 95,000 tones with an approach angle to the berthing line of 7° at a contact velocity of 15 cm/sec.

      Yokohama fenders at Berth 1 is protrude approximately 3.3 m from the face of the loading deck and provide for 100% contact of fenders on the vessel’s perpendicular mid-body at light and loaded drafts for the full range of vessels.

      Berth - 2 & 3 breasting dolphins are fitted with hard buckling super cell fenders with low friction flat panel type that holds the side of the ship some 2 Meter away from the edge of the jetty head.

      The design at berth No. 2 will allow for 10,000 m³ fully Refrigerated LPG ships to berth without the mooring lines on the dolphin caps.

      GASCO Jetty no. 1

      GASCO Jetty no. 2

      GASCO Jetty no. 3

      GASCO mooring

      Back to top

    6.4 FERTIL - Ruwais (Urea, Ammonia, Ethylene)

    The bulk cargo terminal (FERTIL) at Ruwais is to suit the export of bulk / bagged urea, liquid ammonia and liquid ethylene is operated by Ruwais Fertilizer Industries.(FERTIL)

    Five mooring dolphins at the seaward end of the jetty serve the liquid ammonia and ethylene berth and each has a bollard / quick release mooring hooks of capacity 100 Ton and is connected to the jetty by concrete walkways.

    The jetty and the dolphins have a deck level of 7.4 meters above JD Chart Datum.

    Two ship-loader and conveyors has been made along the jetty to load the vessel with bag / bulk urea. Bulk urea loading rate 1000 MT/hr (each). And Bag urea 100 MT/hr (each). Ammonia 500 MT/hr, Ethylene 300 MT/hr. ).

    Two 12’’ lines with hydraulic loading arm is provided to load the vessel with liquid ammonia from Fertil plant, which is about 1.7 km away at the rate 500 MT/hr.

    A 10’’ line with hydraulic loading arm is available with 6’’ return line to load the vessel with liquid Ethylene from BOROUGE plant about 5 km away on shore. For ethylene ships requiring purging, a 6’’ nitrogen line along with 6’’ waste gas line connected to flare about 5 km away is provided.

    Loading operation will be stopped when wind velocity in excess of 17 metres per second, rain, poor visibility or relative humidity in excess of 80%.

        Back to top

      6.4.01 FERTIL Berths criteria


         Minimum SDWT at Berth – 1 & 2 5000 MT  
         Max. SDWT Berth – 1 & 2 45,000 MT  
         Min.  Displacement Berth 1 & 2 7,500  MT  
         Max.  Displacement Berth 1 & 2 58,500  MT  
         Berth length 512 m  
         Max. vessel length accepted 200 m  
         Max. Draft 11 m  
         Max. freeboard  on arrival 11 m  
         Max. Depth  alongside 12 m  

        Back to top

      6.4.02 Position of Berths

      The centre line of the FERTIL loading jetty is situated in position

      Lat 24° 09.1’ N, Long 52° 44.05’ E.

      The line of the berth being 350°/170°.

      Urea ships shall be berthed as per operational requirement of Terminal. The depth along the jetty and up to 50 meter away from the berths is 12 metres and there after a turning basin is located North East of the jetty which is 600 m diameter with minimum depth of 15 metres.

      The fender system has a designed capacity of 55 ton-meter/fender pile and the recommended berthing angle is 5 degrees . Fender spacing 15 m along the jetty and 30 m along the seaward end of jetty same like hook spacing 15 & 30 m respectively. Urea vessel is normally moored over Bean type bollards.

      Back to top

    6.5 GASCO - Ruwais (Sulphur Handling Terminal)

    GASCO - Ruwais sulphur handling terminal is situated at the South East of the existing FERTIL’s bulk cargo terminal at Ruwais.

    This facility accommodates the export of granulated Sulphur in bulk into bulk cargo vessels as per the below berths criteria.

    Access to the various marine installations is via steel truss walkways.

    Bulk sulphur can be transported via onshore conveyor system from the storage building.

    Sulphur vessels up to 9,000 DWT discharge liquid sulphur with max. rate of 700 m3/hour via a 10” dia. loading chicksan at berth No. 1.

        Back to top

      6.5.01 Berth criteria

      Parameters Berth No. 1 Berth No. 2
        Max. DWT   45,000 MT   65,000 MT
        Min. DWT   4,000 MT   10,000 MT
        Max. Berth Length   250 M   277 M
        Max. vessel length   220 M   248 M
        Max. water depth alongside   11.4 M   14.8 M
        Max. Draft   11 M   13.5 M
        Max. freeboard on arrival   11 M   13.5 M
        Distance b/w BCT 4 buoy/ berth No. 1/2 loader   600 M   590 M
        Distance b/w BD1/Fertil berth   145 M   N/A
        Maximum vessel displacement   58,500 MT   85,000 MT
        Turning Basin at BCT No. 4 buoy   600 M   600 M
        BCT Channel/turning basin depth   15 M   15 M
        Distance b/w BCT 6 buoy/berth loaders   340 M   200 M
        Parallel body length (min)   175 M   124 M (max)
        Loading capacity   1000 MT/Hr.   1750 MT/Hr.

        Back to top

      6.5.02 Position of berths

      The centre line of the Sulphur loading jetty is situated in position

      No. 1   - Lat 24° 08.95’ N, Long 052° 44.20’ E.
      No. 2   - Lat 24° 08.90’ N, Long 052° 44.33’ E.

      Sulphur Berth No. 1

      The line of the berth No. 1 & 2 being 295°/115°.

      6 (Six) individual berthing piles with the centre 2 (two) equipped with a quick release assembly.

      3 (Three) mooring dolphins, each one is equipped with a quick release assembly having two rated capacity hooks of 70 tonnes and each supported by 4 (four) piles.

      9 (Nine) separate structural steel walkways connecting various areas of this offshore marine facility 1 (One) structural steel semi arc ship loader outrigger beam.

      The centre and westerly mooring dolphins are for vessels breast line where the easterly dolphin will accept stern lines.

      Larger vessels will have their headlines (bow) secured to a quick release hook assembly located on the Fertil bulk cargo terminal jetty (southern end), which is about 95 metres West of sulphur handling terminal berthing pile. This anchor assembly on the jetty has a design holding capacity.

      Ship mooring lines may be taken to dolphins at the Fertil bulk cargo terminal jetty via boat.

      Sulphur berth No. 2

      4 (Four) breast dolphins with the 2 (two) end dolphins are equipped with 4 (four) quick release hooks assembly and the centre two one with only bollard facility.

      The 2 (Two) each mooring dolphins at fore & aft ends are equipped with the 2 (Two) quick release hooks assembly.

      The breast/Mooring dolphins are supported by 5 (Five) piles 7 (Seven) separate structural steel walkways connecting various areas of this offshore marine facility 1 (One) structural steel semi arc ship loader outrigger beam.

      The centre and westerly mooring dolphins are for vessels breast line where the easterly dolphin will accept stern lines.

      Larger vessels will have their headlines (bow) secured to a quick release hook assembly located on the Fertil bulk cargo terminal jetty (southern end), which is about 95 metres West of sulphur handling terminal berthing pile. This anchor assembly on the jetty has a design holding capacity.

      Ship mooring lines may be taken to dolphins at the Fertil bulk cargo terminal jetty via boat.


      berth 1


      berth 2

        Back to top

      6.5.03 Safety - Access Marine Ladders

      A safety access marine ladder is provided on each mooring dolphin, which extends down to the level minus 0.5 metre, Jebel Dhanna Chart Datum.

      General Access to Offshore Marine Facility Access from onshore is only for pedestrians via walkways. Vehicular traffic over the marine facility is not available. Access to vessels is via the movable (rollers on rail) shipped gangway as installed on the main walkway. This unit is manually rolled into position with its access ladder hydraulically positioned to vessels.

        Back to top

      6.5.04 Communication

      Contact between the shore supervisor / operator on duty on the jetty and the watch on deck is to be continuously maintained by U.H.F. walkie-talkie., V.H.F. (channel 9) visual or verbal signals.

        Back to top

      6.5.05 Ship Loader

         Design loading capacity 1000 MT/hr  
         Material Granular sulphur (bulk)  
         Telescopic chute speed 4.6 M / Minutes  
         Slowing angle of bridge ± 34  
         Maximum radius of boom 132 metres  
         Minimum radius of boom in operation 97 metres  
         Luffing angle in operation ± 12 °  

      Sulphur berth No. 2 shall be capable of:

        Loading ships ranging from 10,000 DWT up to 65,000 DWT

        A shiploader of the single Quadrant type capable of loading the ships along the berth during loading

        Consist of 4 breasting dolphins with parallel body length 124 m and 4 (four) mooring dolphins.

        The distance between 2 outermost dolphins at Berth No. 2 is 277 m, depth alongside 15 metre.

        GASCO SHT 2 with two berths are under construction East of the Borouge Terminal.

        Back to top

      6.5.06 Loading / Unloading

      Vessel cargo hatch (as) / hold(s) shall be inspected prior to the commencement of loading bulk sulphur and if they are found unclean or otherwise not suitable / ready for loading, the notice of readiness shall deemed to have been rejected and a fresh notice of readiness needs to be served.

      Ship's Officer shall communicate to the Jetty Supervisor, the loading / stowage plan after obtaining all the necessary clearance. Loading Operation is carried out as per International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code and Supplement (IMSBC Code) and BLU code Practice for the Safe Loading & Unloading of Bulk Carriers (BLU Manual).


      Bad weather affecting the safe operations of the handling and loading equipment included, but not limited to, wind velocity in excess of 17 m/sec., heavy rain, poor visibility, relative humidity in excess of 80%.

      Trimming of the cargo during loading is the Vessel’s Master responsibility and or Ship’s account.

        Back to top

      6.5.07 Properties of Granular Sulphur

      Basically, sulphur is a hazardous cargo and comes under inflammable solids, class 4.1 of IMDG code, possessing the properties of being easily ignited by external sources such as sparks, flames, static electricity and readily combustible. When involved in fire, toxic and very irritating and suffocating gas is evolved. When mixed with water, sulphuric acid is formed and is corrosive to the metal and dangerous to health.

      The stowage factor   :   1.25 MT/M3

      While loading / unloading, sulphur is liable to cause dust explosions.

      Back to top

    6.6 Abu Dhabi Polymers Company Ltd (BOUROUGE - Polyethylene)

    The BOROUGE Polyethylene Terminal at Ruwais situated adjacent to East of Ruwais small boat harbour and a protrusion at the western end to accommodate Ro-Ro/Container feeder gearless (Capacity 1100 TEU) vessels. The Ro-Ro ramp is a class B ramp in accordance with BSMA 97.

    The ramp/Container feeder is designed to accommodate a range of vessels with the following characteristics:

    The container berths are equipped with two STS & four mobile RTG cranes.

        Back to top

      6.6.01 Berth criteria


         Max. DWT // Displacement 10,500 MT // 14,700  MT  
         Min.  DWT 450 MT  
         Max. berth length 368 m  
         Max. vessel length accepted 150 m  
         Min. vessel length accepted 40 m  
         Max. depth alongside 10.5 m  
         Max. // Min. draft 9.0 m // 1.75 m  
         Max. // Min. Beam 23 m // 7 m  
         Approach channel width 125  m  
         Turning basin diameter 360 m  
         Bow Flare angle 20  m  
         Approach Velocity 0.18 m / s  
         Depth in the channel 10.00 m  

        Back to top

      6.6.02 Position of berths

      The centre line of the Borough loading jetty is situated in position

      Lat 24° 08.12’ N, Long 52° 45.05’ E.

      The line of the berth being 295°/115°.

      The design is made on the basis that fenders on the quay wall absorb all the energy of berthing vessels.
      The fender system is designed to accommodate vessels up to as per above berth criteria.
      Bollards have a minimum Mooring Loads capacity of 60 tons.
      For stability consideration, berthing and mooring forces are based on a wind speed of 110 km/h.
      A Gangway shall be provided by the ship’s personnel. A warning shall be placed adjacent to the gangway prohibiting the entrance of unauthorized persons, prohibiting smoking and the use of open flames.

      The channel is marked with 12 new buoys as per IALA standards.

      The container berth is operational with two STS Gantry Crane to operate along the full berth length.

      The two other Container berths adjacent to existing berths are under construction.

      The Container feeder vessel size recommends as part of proposal as follow:

      LOA/150 m, Beam/22 m, Draft/8.3 m, DWT/10500 MT/Displ, 14700, capacity 1100 TEU.

        Back to top

      6.6.03 Communication

      Communication between ship crew and BOROUGE Terminal personnel will be established by means of walkie-talkie. This equipment will be according to BOROUGE safety standards and must be tested every time prior to starting the loading / unloading operation.

        Back to top

      6.6.04 Unberthing

      The ship should leave the terminal immediately after the completion of loading and documentation. Before informing the pilot for unberthing, it is the responsibility of the Master to ensure that all connections between the ship and shore are removed and that she is ready to sail.

        Back to top

      6.6.05 Incident Reporting

      The master of the vessel, for the time the vessel is alongside the BOROUGE terminal, is responsible for reporting all incidents on board the ship immediately to Petroleum Ports Authority through Port Control and BOROUGE Safety Department.

        Back to top

      6.6.06 Safety

      The ship’s safety equipment shall be ready prior to starting any loading or unloading operation. This will be verified by completion of the Ro-Ro/Container feeder ship/shore safety checklist.

      Image 8

      Back to top

    6.7 GASCO - Ruwais LNG Terminal

    The Ruwais LNG Terminal (RLNGT) is situated at the Gasco Terminal No. 1 berth No. 2. The centerline of the terminal is located in position Lat 24° 08.90’ N, Long 052° 44.33’ E. The orientation of the berthing line is approximately 115°/295°.

    Sulphur Berth 2 has been converted for use as a receiving terminal for LNG. Some of the modifications made were the addition of mooring dolphin No. 5 to the SE of terminal, and the replacement of the Quick Release Hooks (QRH) x 100 tonnes x 3 each on the existing mooring dolphins (5 nos).

    A new loading platform consisting of the HP Gas Marine Loading Arm (MLA) package, the jetty emergency shutdown (ESD) skid, a firefighting monitor, and associated piping was constructed.

    Additional components include:

    1. A gangway from berthing dolphin No. 2
    2. The access trestle and pipe rack crossing
    3. A new equipment room and/or control room
    4. The gas metering skid
    5. Four water bath heaters
    6. The vent stack
    7. The velocity and pressure control valves
    8. Gas Receiving Facility (GRF) ESD skid
    9. Two kilometer pipeline to the receiving point and tie in to the GASCO Network

    A Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) is permanently moored at Ruwais LNG Terminal and will receive supplies of liquefied natural gas (LNG) via conventional LNG carriers (LNGCs).

        Back to top

      6.7.01 Berth Layout

      The berth consists of four (4) breasting dolphins. The two (2) end dolphins are equipped with 4 (four) quick release hooks assemblies and the center two only have a bollard (non-functional) facility.
      In addition there are Five (5) mooring dolphins, three (3) at fore & two at aft ends, each of which are equipped with three (3) x 100 tonnes quick release hooks assemblies. The breasting/mooring dolphins are supported by 5 (Five) piles.
      Eight (8) separate structural steel walkways connect various areas of this offshore marine facility.
      One structural steel semi arc ship loader outrigger beam for loading granulated sulphur is parked in one corner.

      The FSRU shall be moored starboard side to the jetty.

      The Ruwais LNG Terminal has been designed to receive in addition to the FSRU, an LNGCs sized up to 173,000 m3

        Back to top

      6.7.02 LNG Transfer

      The LNG cargoes are delivered to the FSRU via ship-to-ship (STS) transfer operations with LNGC arranged in a double banked arrangement.

      The FSRU is equipped with STS arrangement consisting of;

      • Eight (8) cryogenic 8” hoses allowing transfer at a maximum rate of 5,000 m3 per hour
      • Five (5) primary Yokohama Fenders of size 4.5 x 9 mtrs,
      • Two (2) secondary (baby) Yokohama fenders of size 3.0 m x 1.5 m.

      The fenders are placed on the port side of the FSRU. The primary fender string and both baby fenders shall be secured with their dedicated wires to bollards on the FSRU fore and aft deck areas. The safety wire shall be made off to a mooring bit.

      The secondary (baby) fenders shall be one (1) placed forward and one (1) placed aft at the upper and outer ends of the parallel mid-body, suspended approximately 1.5 m below the main deck.

      As a general rule, LNG transfer operations by STS may take place in a sea state up to a maximum wave height of 2.0 m.

        Back to top

      6.7.03 Operational Limitations

      Mooring and cargo transfer operations at the RLNGT are weather determinant. Weather forecasts and prevailing conditions should be duly evaluated in regard to suitability of conditions for mooring and cargo transfer operations.

      The suitability of weather conditions for mooring and remaining moored at the RLNGT reside with the PPA in consultation with the vessels Master.

      Departure of the FSRU is at the discretion of the Petroleum Ports Authority / FSRU Master.

        Back to top

      6.7.04 Mooring Preparation

      The FSRU shall moor to the RLNGT Jetty under the direction of the Pilot in accordance with the (pre)approved mooring line configuration.

      Mooring lines shall be pre-tensioned with consideration for existing and anticipated wind conditions and the stage of the tide. Pre-tensioning shall be approximately ten (10) tons on all lines.

        Back to top

      6.7.05 FSRU Mooring Layout Description

      The LNG Terminal jetty mooring arrangement is designed to moor the FSRU by means of sixteen (16) lines. Two (2) quadruple quick release hooks (QRH) are located on berthing dolphins (BD) 1 and 4. Even though there are four hooks. Five (5) MDs, each fitted with triple quick release hooks, are located three (3) forward and two (2) aft in way of the vessel bow and stern locations. These hooks can all be used.

      Mooring line loads from the FSRU and the Jetty Control Room (JCR). The actuation of the QRH function is controlled locally and from the JCR.

      The four berthing dolphins are equipped with SCN1600 (E2.8) super-cone fenders from Trelleborg.

        Back to top

      6.7.06 FSRU & The Berth

      General layout of the gangway used between RLNGT and the FSRU.

        Back to top

      6.7.07 Gangway

      The RLNGT Operations Team shall control the lifting of the jetty gangway across the vessels handrail and position the gangway ladder on the appropriate vessel ‘strongpoint’ under the direction of the responsible officer from the FSRU Excelerate.

      RLNG Staff is responsible for the maintenance and proper operation of the gangway.

      The FSRU staff is responsible for access control in accordance with the ISPS Code and company security procedures.

      Figure 1 - Gangway from RLNG to FSRU and the lngc - personnel transportation

      The transfer of personnel between the FSRU and the LNGC shall be arranged by means of "Safe Access" of an approved type Personnel Transfer Arrangement.

      Only personnel essential to operations shall be transferred between the vessels. Essential person include, but are not limited to:

      1. The FSRU staff to attend STS pre-transfer meeting onboard of the LNGC.
      2. GASCO Marine to receive documentation on behalf of cargo interests/receivers.
      3. The LNGC agent.
      4. The nominated cargo surveyor.

        Back to top

      6.7.08 Parameters

      There will be no crew changes nor shore visits for personnel on the LNGC.

      LNG Terminal Parameters  
      Maximum Displacement 132,000 T
      Maximum berth Length, 320 M
      Maximum LOA (FSRU) 300
      Maximum Dead weight 84,000 T
      Max. Water depth alongside 15 M
      Max Draft 13.65 M
      Turning Basin at BCT No. 6 Buoy. 700 M
      BCT Channel/Turning Basin Depth 14.5 M
      Distance B/W BCT No. 6 Buoy & RLNGT 600 M
      Distance B/W BCT No. 8 Buoy & RLNGT 400 M
      Distance B/W BCT No. 8 /10 Buoy Line Joining & LNGC 140 M
      Parallel Body Length Terminal 80 M
      Channel Length From Centre line of BCT No. 1 & 2 Buoys Till RLNGT 1400 M
      FSRU Max. capacity 138000 M3
      LNGC Max. capacity 173000 M3

      Back to top

Copyrights © 2012 ADNOC - All Rights Reserved